Search This Site

A Division of the International Studies Office

F-1 Optional Practical Training (OPT)

Overview of OPT

Optional Practical Training is available for degree seeking students. An initial period of 12 months may be awarded by Immigration (USCIS) per degree level. You may be eligible for a new period of OPT only if you move subsequently to a higher degree level.

OPT can be used during breaks in study or after completion of your final degree requirement.

OPT requires that you pursue employment in your area of study, but does not require a specific employer at the time of filing.

On September 29, 2020, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California issued a nationwide preliminary injunction and stay on implementation of the 2020 final USCIS fee rule in its entirety. New fees and form versions associated with that rule that were to be required on October 2, 2020, as well as all other aspects of the rule, are now on hold. When applying for OPT, please use the 8/25/20 I-765 edition and pay the USCIS fee of $410. Please refer to ISO and USCIS for the most up-to-date information. 

You may watch the OPT Tutorial here and review the OPT PowerPoint here

The I-765 instruction starts at the 42 minute mark of the OPT Tutorial.



No more than 90 days of unemployment is permitted during the initial 12 months of post-completion OPT. For students approved for the 24-month STEM extension, the unemployment allowance increases to a total of 150 days throughout the 36 month period of OPT.  Exceeding the limit of unemployment constitutes a loss of your legal status.  Be sure to report your changes in employment and address to the ISO promptly.


Reporting Requirements while on OPT

While on OPT, students should use the Reporting Requirements button on our home page to validate their information every six months and to update the ISO within 10 days of any changes to the following information: 

Beginning December 2016 students will report address, phone number and employment information themselves directly therough the SEVP Portal.

  • Name
  • Residential Address
  • Phone & Email Address
  • Employer Information incluiding full address
  • Start Date of Employment and End Date(if known)
  • Job Title
  • Supervisor's Name, Email Address and Phone Number
  • Any period of unemployment.  You must inform your employer that they are also required to inform the ISO of a loss of employment.
  • Date of departure from the U.S. (if students leave prior to the OPT STEM end date)


OPT Eligibility

To apply for OPT you must first obtain a new I-20 from the ISO documenting your eligibility for OPT.  You will subsequently submit a paper-based application for employment authorization to the U.S. Citizenship & Immigration Service (USCIS).

You must be in lawful F-1 status at the time of filing, and your period of OPT may commence only immediately following at least two full and continuous semesters of enrollment, (Fall-Spring or Spring-Fall).


Application Essentials

Applications for post-completion OPT must be filed and reach USCIS:

  • No earlier than 90 days prior to the completion of study which corresponds to the end date of your I-20. The I-20 can be shortened by the ISO if required to accurately reflect your academic status and eligibility for OPT.
  • No later than during the grace period, presuming you have not departed the U.S. once studies are completed.
  • Within 30 days of the issuance date on the original OPT-endorsed Form I-20 given to you by the ISO.

NOTE: If you have not completed all coursework for your degree and are unsure that you will complete your degree on time, you should consult the ISO before submitting the application for OPT.

Please pay close attention to the edition of your I-765 form

  • The current edition of Forms I-765 dated 08/25/2020
    • USCIS will continue to accept this edition if it is postmarked by October 1, 2020. USCIS will not accept 8/25/2020 edition on or after October 2, 2020. 
  • The new edition of Forms I-765 dated 10/02/2020
    • USCIS will not accept this edition if it is postmarked before October 2, 2020

Requesting Start & End Dates of Employment

Students may request OPT to begin on any date from the day after the date of completion of studies up to 60 days after the date of completion of study. Applications for OPT can take three months or more for the USCIS to adjudicate so it is very important to plan accordingly.


Authorized Period of Employment

Students may not begin working until they have received a valid OPT employment authorization card (EAD) issued by the USCIS and the start date has been reached.


Social Security

Please read the section on Social Security to fulfill the requirements for having an SSN in order to be gainfully employed.


Special Topics


How to Apply for F-1 OPT

Step One: Read this F-1 OPT webpage carefully and review the OPT Tutorial.

Step Two: Initiate the OPT Request Process.  Submit only 1 request.  You can return to an incomplete application by logging into ISSP Connect. If you have a job secured, you will also need to complete the OPT Employent Update form

Step Three: Print the endorsed Forms I-20 from ISSP Connect, and follow the OPT Filing Instructions. The OPT I-20 and full application must be in the hands of Immigration no later than 30 days after the OPT I-20's issue date. Do not E-File your application.

Step Four: (optional): Complete Form G-1145, E-Notification of Application/Petition Acceptance, if you wish to receive email and/or text messages when your application has been received.  NOTE:  USCIS will continue to mail the receipt notices to you.  Completion and submission of this form for email and/or text message notificaton is an option for you and not a required form. Use Form G-1450 if you wish to pay by credit card and place the Form on the top of the application.


The U.S. postal service will not forward USCIS correspondence to a new address. If you change your residential address, you must visit the USCIS website to change your address online and provide your application receipt number (see Form AR-11 page on the USCIS website).